How to create a sitemap for cakephp?

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by dorothea , in category: SEO , 4 months ago

How to create a sitemap for cakephp?

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1 answer

by dustin.green , 4 months ago

@dorothea 

To create a sitemap for a CakePHP website, you can follow these steps:

  1. Determine the pages you want to include in your sitemap. This may include pages like the homepage, category pages, product pages, blog posts, etc.
  2. Create a new file called sitemap.xml in your webroot folder of the CakePHP project.
  3. In your CakePHP project, open the routes.php file located in the config folder.
  4. Add a new route for the sitemap at the bottom of the file. The route should point to a new action in one of your controllers. For example:
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$routes->connect('/sitemap', ['controller' => 'Pages', 'action' => 'sitemap']);


  1. Create a new method in your controller to generate the sitemap. Open the controller file and add the following code:
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public function sitemap()
{
    $this->RequestHandler->respondAs('xml');
    $this->loadModel('YourModel');

    $pages = $this->YourModel->find('all', [
        'fields' => [
            'YourModel.id',
            'YourModel.created',
        ],
        'order' => [
            'YourModel.created' => 'desc',
        ],
    ]);

    $this->set(compact('pages'));
}


Replace 'YourModel' with the appropriate model name that represents the pages you want to include in the sitemap.

  1. Create a new file called sitemap.ctp in the corresponding view folder for your controller. For example, if your controller is PagesController, the file should be placed in the src/Template/Pages/ folder.
  2. In the sitemap.ctp file, add the following code to generate the XML structure for the sitemap:
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<urlset xmlns="http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9">
    <?php foreach ($pages as $page): ?>
        <url>
            <loc><?= h($this->Url->build('/', true) . 'pages/view/' . $page['YourModel']['id']) ?></loc>
            <lastmod><?= h(date('Y-m-dTH:i:s+00:00', strtotime($page['YourModel']['created']))); ?></lastmod>        
        </url>
    <?php endforeach; ?>
</urlset>


Make sure to update 'pages/view/' . $page['YourModel']['id'] with the appropriate URL structure for your website's pages.

  1. Access the sitemap by visiting the /sitemap URL in your browser. You should see an XML formatted sitemap with the URLs and their last modification dates.


Remember to regenerate the sitemap whenever you add or update pages on your website to ensure it stays up-to-date.